The gramophone record
Fotograf büyültme (© picture alliance / dpa) Music for everyone: Emile Berliner is recognized as the inventor of the record and the gramophone. In 1887, he was granted a patent for a new disc on which to record sound and for the recording and playback device with which to do so – the precursor of the gramophone.
The advantages of Berliner’s disc-shaped record in comparison to other methods of sound recording were clear, as such discs were easy to copy and cheap to produce. His inventions enjoyed huge commercial success. From 1895 until 1955, records made of shellac were produced along the same lines as those first discs. Even after the switch to vinyl, the basic principles stayed the same.
When the digital compact disc was introduced in the 1980s, the record’s winning streak was finally at an end. Nonetheless, the grooved black surface of a record still marks it out for music-lovers as a highly prized musical delicacy.